District Soil Profile
The land is best described as slightly/gently undulating country with soil type consisting of grey/brown sandy loam over clay and limestone. To areas of red brown loam over limestone Native vegetation is retained on lighter sand hills, large bushland parcels/heritage parks, in shelterbelts and roadsides, to assist in bio-diversity throughout the district.
District Land Use
The region is very well suited to livestock production and is renowned for its Lucerne industry. A high standard of produce being beef, prime lambs & wool are produced for local and export markets. Predominantly broad acre cropping, producing substantial yields of cereals (wheat, barley, oats, triticale), legumes (faba beans, lupins, peas, lentils), oil seed (canola), dry land and irrigated lucerne for seed, hay and fodder production. Horticulture under centre pivot irrigation predominately in the northern parts of the district mainly to potatoes and onions. Livestock production in this area includes beef and diary cattle, merino and first-cross ewes for prime lambs for the domestic and export markets and wool production. The Keith area produces around 90-95% of Australia’s Lucerne seed for which the majority is exported. The viticulture industry starts north of Padthaway and continues all the way to Penola, producing some of the very best wines in the world (We may be a little bit biased).
Keith is recognised as the Gateway to the South East and Limestone Coast, the town was proclaimed in 1889 with agriculture as its base. Keith is also recognised as the "Lucerne capital of Australia" with its distinctive purple paddocks. In the early days, a railway siding was established on the Adelaide line near Mt Monster to serve the pastoral leases that had been taken up in the surrounding district during the 1850's. The Keith district typifies "real Australian countryside". Today the township services a diverse agricultural area.
Town services include - Supermarket, Post Office, Pharmacy, Agribusinesses, Machinery Dealers, Mechanics, Delis/Cafes, Hair Dressers, Churches, Newsagent, Butcher, Area School, Hospital, Carinya retirement village, DVD Hire, Institute, Football oval, Netball/Tennis Courts, Hotel, Motel, Cricket Pitch, Lawn Bowls Club, & Basketball Stadium, Motels, Caravan Park, CFS, Ambulance, Golf Course and an array of Community Groups.
Bordertown is the gateway to the State's eastern border. Situated on the Dukes Highway, Bordertown is 280km from Adelaide and 450km from Melbourne. The Bordertown Visitor Information Centre is an addition to the old police station which can be clearly seen from inside the building. The town was established in 1852 adjacent to the Tatiara Creek and was the site of a base camp created by Police Inspector Alexander Tolmer who was in charge of the gold escorts from the Victorian Goldfields to Adelaide. These historic escorts saved the infant state of South Australia from bankruptcy. Their importance is recognised by the granite stone markers and plaques along the gold route.
Town services include - Supermarket, Post Office, Pharmacies, Hospital & Doctors Clinics, General Medical Services, Service Stations, Banks, Agribusinesses, Machinery Dealers, Automotive Dealers, Mechanics, Hardware Dealers, Real Estate Offices, Takeaway, Delis/Cafes, Hair Dressers, Churches, News Agents, Butchers, Primary School, High School, TAFE, Retirement village, Child Care, Video Hire, Town Hall, Football ovals, Recreation Parks, Speedway, Race Course, Netball/Tennis Courts, Hotels, Cricket Pitches, Lawn Bowls Clubs, & Basketball Courts, Motels, Caravan Parks, CFS, SES, Ambulance, Golf Course, & an array of Community Groups only to mention a few.
Tatiara District Council
Tatiara is the Aboriginal word for "Good Country", which is in the northern section of the Limestone Coast area of South Australia. The Tatiara region includes Bordertown, Wirrega, Keith, Mundulla, Padthaway, Wolseley, Willalooka and Western Flat. It is one of the largest Local Government areas in South Australia with an area of 6,476 square kilometres and a population of approximately 7,000. The Tatiara is well serviced by the Dukes Highway, from Adelaide to Melbourne, which splits the district in a northwest, southwest direction and the Riddoch Highway which runs southwards from Keith towards Naracoorte, Penola and Mount Gambier. A diverse range of primary production industries operate within the District, including cropping, livestock (sheep, cattle, pigs), dairying, aquaculture, horticulture and mining. Much of the District is serviced by major freight routes, including the Dukes and Riddoch Highways and the Adelaide to Melbourne rail line.